Medical Studies Relevant to the
The Finch Windmill
at Work in the Health Field
Bishop, DC PhD MD
JMPT 199;16(5):300-305: If joint mechanics are altered, the cells (chrondrocytes
& fibroblasts) responsible for biosynthesis of proteoglycans will be
stimulated to change the composition of the extracellular matrix to
produce connective tissue better suited for the new mechanical demands. In
a joint that has been severely injured the connective tissue may change
sufficiently to permanently alter the function of the joint & thus
predispose to premature degeneration &/ or further injury. By the same
mechanism, maintaining normal joint mechanics may act to prevent premature
degeneration &/ or joint injury.
Soft tissue injuries in sport, 2nd ed. London, Blackwell
Scientific Publications 1994: 12-31: Proprioceptors provide information at
the conscious level about position & movement & subconsciously eliciting
spinal reflexes that alter muscle action to control posture & prevent
excessive deformation of jts & tissues. Its failure results in the loss of
control of posture & complex movements. The end organs cease to
function in the presence of inflammation or after prolonged immobilization
of a jt. This loss of afferent input results in failure of postural
reflexes so that the joint gives way, known as functional instability.
When treating injuries involving structures around a joint it is very
important to stimulate the proprioceptive endings from an early stage of
Rx. This appears to prevent atrophy of some endings & probably also
recruits resting proprioceptive organs in surrounding tissues.
Med & science in sports exercise 1990: 22(4):453-456. After injury, tissue
may repair & remodel but associated changes in function occur: 1. Changes
in strength, 2. Changes in strength balance, 3. Reduced flexibility, 4.
Disturbed propriociption. The signs & symptoms of injury may abate but
these functional deficits may persist causing: 1.decreases in performance,
2. Increased likelihood of reinjury. Rehab must not be solely based on
symptom relief. If must address more than pain. The patient has a
functional disability after an injury & until that is addressed these
functional changes will persist. Rehab must be oriented toward return of
function, not just relief of symptoms.
Sports induced inflammation 1990: 759-769. The goal of rehab is to
restore athletic function to as normal as possible. One must address both
symptoms & functional alterations: muscle weakness, imbalance,
inflexibility. Function alterations as well as symptoms must be corrected.
Treatment confined to pain relief & initiation of healing without
functional restoration by other rehabilitation methods may result in
development of biomechanical deficits.
Top Clin Chiro 1994: 1(4):20-29 Active patients can lose their capacity at
a rate of 3% to 7% daily in total rest but can only improve at a rate of
1% day. Early motion & mechanical loading stimulate properly aligned,
newly formed collagen fibers, promote synovial fluid diffusion in jts &
enhance local blood flow. Active exercise provides the greatest
stimulus for remodeling & addresses deficits in ROM, strength & endurance.
If deficits of mobility, strength, or endurance remain uncorrected, the
patient may return to preinjury activity with only a small margin of
safety. The likelihood of reinjury is great. Deficits may not be
readily apparent to the patient as that may not be painful.
Dr. Dennis M. Romero "All
joints consist of bones, muscle and connective tissue (cartilage, tendons,
ligaments and framework of tissue in which muscle cells reside). Studies
have revealed that connective tissues will actually remodel to conform to
stresses that are put upon them.
This means that regular use of the Finch Windmill will not only strengthen
and educate muscles of the torso and shoulder girdle, but will actually
cause the shoulder to remold the joint structure to more readily
accommodate the stresses of the overhand throw and underhand windmill
pitching motion. This results in improved mechanics, more potential speed
and less susceptibility to injury to the shoulder joint. I would recommend
the Finch Windmill for any athlete, especially the softball or baseball
-18 years chiropractic practice, specializing in sports injuries
-16 years team doctor for Monterey High School Football Team (1998 Central
Coast Section, Div. III Champions)